2023-09-26 12:54:38 | 炎炎英文培训网
Listening Comprehension (30 minutes) Section A
Directions: In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations. At the end of each conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.
1. A. See a doctor about her strained shoulder B.Use a ladder to help her reach the tea. C.Replace the cupboard with a new one. D.Place the tea on a lower shelf next time.
1. W: I can’t seem to reach the tea at the back of the cupboard。 M: Oh„ Why don’t you use the ladder? You might strain your shoulder。 Q: What does the man suggest the woman do?
2. A. At Mary Johnson’s B. In an exhibition hall C. At a painter’s studio. D. Outside an art gallery.
2. W: Since it’s raining so hard, let’s go and see the new exhibits。 M: That’s a good idea. Mary Johnson is one of my favorite painters。 Q: Where does the conversation most probably take place?
3. A. The teacher evaluated lacks teaching experience.
B. She does not quite agree with what the man said. C. The man had better talk with the students himself. D. New students usually cannot offer a fair evaluation.
3. M: I hear the students gave the new teacher an unfair evaluation。 W: It depends on which student you are talking about。 Q: What does the woman imply?
4. A. He helped Doris build up the furniture. B. Doris helped him arrange the furniture. C. Doris fixed up some of the bookshelves. D. He was good at assembling bookshelves.
4. W: It must have taken you a long time to fix up all these book shelves。 M: It wasn’t too bad. I got Doris to do some of them。 Q: What does the man mean?
5. A. He doesn’t get on with the others. B. He doesn’t feel at ease in the firm. C. He has been taken for a fool. D. He has found a better position.
5. W: Rod, I hear you’ll be leaving at the end of this month. Is it true?
M: Yeah. I’ve been offered a much better position with another firm. I’d be a fool to turn it down。 Q: Why is the man quitting his job?
6. A. They should finish the work as soon as possible. B. He will continue to work in the garden himself. C. He is tired of doing gardening on weekends. D. They can hire a gardener to do the work.
6. W: I honestly don’t want to continue the gardening tomorrow, Tony? M: Neither do I. But I think we should get it over with this weekend。 Q: What does the man mean?
7. A. The man has to get rid of the used furniture. B. The man’s apartment is ready for rent. C. The furniture is covered with lots of dust. D. The furniture the man bought is inexpensive.
7. W: You’ve already furnished your apartment? M: I found some used furniture that was dirt cheap。 Q: What do we learn from the conversation?
8. A. The man will give the mechanic a call. B. The woman is waiting for a call. C. The woman is doing some repairs. D. The man knows the mechanic very well.
8. W: Has the mechanic called the bus repairers?
M: Not yet .I’ll let you know when he calls。 Q: What do we learn from the conversation?
9. A. She had a job interview to attend. B. She was busy finishing her project. C. She had to attend an important meeting. D. She was in the middle of writing an essay.
Question: 9. Why couldn’t the woman’s roommate attend the Shakespearean English class that afternoon? W: Nothing, it’s just that she submitted a job application yesterday and the company asked her in for an interview today. She’s afraid she won’t be able to attend your class this afternoon though. I’m calling to see whether it would be OK if I gave you her essay. Janet said it’s due today。
10. A. Accompany her roommate to the classroom. B. Hand in her roommate’s application form. C. Submit her roommate’s assignment. D. Help her roommate with her report.
Question: 10. What favor is the woman going to do for her roommate?
11. A. Where Dr. Ellis’s office is located. B. When Dr. Ellis leaves his office. C. Directions to the classroom building. D. Dr. Ellis’s schedule for the afternoon.
Question: 11. What does the woman want to know at the end of the conversation?
W: Fine, please tell her I’ll be there at 4:00. And Dr. Ellis, one more thing, could you tell me where your office is? Janet told me where your class is, but she didn’t give me directions to your office。
12. A. He find it rather stressful. B. He is thinking of quitting it. C. He can handle it quite well. D. He has to work extra hours.
Question: 12. What does the man say about his job?
M: Not bad, Jane. I’m involved in several projects and it’s a long working day. But I’m used to that so it doesn’t bother me too much。
13. A. The 6:00 one B. The 6:30 one. C. The 7:00 one D. The 7:30 one Question: 13. Which train does the man take to work every day?
M: It was terrible at first, especially getting up before dawn to catch that 6:30 train. But it’s bearable now that I’ m used to it。
14. A. It is an awful waste of time. B. He finds it rather unbearable. C. The time on the train is enjoyable. D. It is something difficult to get used to.
Question: 14. How does the man feel about commuting to work every day now?
W: Don’t you think it’s an awful waste of time? I couldn’t bear to spend three hours sitting in a train every day。
M: I used to feel the same as you. But now I quite enjoy it。
15. A. Reading newspaper. B. Chatting with friends. C. Listening to the daily news. D. Planning the day’s work.
Question: 15. How does the man spend his time on the morning train?
W: How do you pass the time? Do you bring some work with you to do on the train?
M: Ah, that’s a good question. In the morning, I just sit in comfort and read the papers to catch up with the news. On the way home at night, I relax with a good book or chat with friends or even have a game of bridge。
Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.
Questions 16 to 18 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
16. A) Ignore small details while reading. B) Read at least several chapters at one sitting. C) Develop a habit of reading critically.
D) Get key information by reading just once or twice.
Question: 16. What should American college students do to cope with their heavy reading assignments?
17. A) Choose one’s own system of marking. B) Underline the key words and phrases. C) Make as few marks as possible. D) Highlight details in a red color.
Question: 17. What suggestion does the speaker give about marking a textbook?
18. A) By reading the textbooks carefully again. B) By reviewing only the marked parts. C) By focusing on the notes in the margins. D) By comparing notes with their classmates.
Question: 18. How should students prepare for an exam according to the speaker?
Questions 19 to 21 are based on the conversation you have just heard
19. A) The sleep a person needs varies from day to day. B) The amount of sleep for each person is similar. C) One can get by with a couple of hours of sleep. D) Everybody needs some sleep for survival.
Question: 19. What is taken for granted by most people?
20. A) It is a made-up story. B) It is beyond cure. C) It is a rare exception. D) It is due to an accident.
Question: 20. What do doctors think of Al Herpin's case?
21. A) His extraordinary physical condition. B) His mother’s injury just before his birth. C) The unique surroundings of his living place. D) The rest he got from sitting in a rocking chair.
Question: 21. What could have accounted for Al Herpin's sleeplessness?
Questions 22 to 25 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
22. A) She invested in stocks and shares on Wall Street. B) She learned to write for financial newspapers. C) She developed a strong interest in finance. D) She tenderly looked after her sick mother.
Question: 22. What do we learn about Hetty Green as a child?
23. A) She made a wise investment in real estate. B) She sold the restaurant with a substantial profit. C) She got 1.5 million dollars from her ex-husband. D) She inherited a big fortune from her father.
Question: 23. How did Hetty Green become rich overnight
24. A) She was extremely mean with her money. B) She was dishonest in business dealings. C) She frequently ill-treated her employees. D) She abused animals including her pet dog. Question: 24. Why was Hetty Green much hated?
25. A) She made a big fortune from wise investment. B) She built a hospital with her mother’s money. C) She made huge donations to charities. D) She carried on her family’s tradition.
Question: 25. What do we learn about Hetty's daughter?
Direction: In the section, you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks with the exact words you have just heard. Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you have written.
Among the kinds of social gestures most significant for second-language teachers are those which are ___(26)___ in form but different in meaning in the two cultures. For example, a Colombian who wants someone to ___(27)___ him often signals with a hand movement in which all the fingers of one hand, cupped, point downward as they move rapidly ___(28)___ .Speakers or English have a similar gesture through the hand may not be cupped and the fingers may be held more loosely, but for them the gesture means goodbye or go away, quite the ___(29)___ of the Colombian gesture. Again, in Colombian, a speaker of English would have to know that when he ___(30)___height he most choose between different gestures depending on whether he is ___(31)___ a human being or an animal. If he keeps the palm of the hand ___(32)___the floor, as he would in his own culture when making known the height of a child, for example, he will very likely be greeted by laughter, in Colombia this gesture is___(33)___for the description of animals. In order to describe human beings he should keep the palm of his hand ___(34)___to the floor. Substitutions of one gesture for the other often create not only humorous but also___(35)___ moment. In both of the examples above, speakers from two different cultures have the same gesture, physically, but its meaning differs sharply.
1.答案：B Use a ladder to help her reach the tea.
2.答案：D Outside an gallery art.
3.答案：D. New students usually cannot offer a fair evaluation.
4.答案：C Doris fixed up some of the bookshelves.
5.答案：D He has found a better position.
6.答案：A They should finish the book as soon as possible.
7.答案：D The furniture the man bought is inexpensive.
8.答案：B The woman is waiting for the call.
9.答案：A She had a job interview to attend
10.答案：C Submit her roommate's assignment
11.答案：A Where Dr. Ellis’s office is located.
12.答案：C He can handle it quite well
13.答案：B The 6:30 one
14.答案：C The time on the train is enjoyable
15.答案：A Reading newspapers.
16.答案：D Get key information by reading just once or twice
17.答案：A Choose one's own system of marking
18.答案：B By reviewing only the marked parts.
19.答案：D Everybody needs some sleep for survival.
20.答案：C It is a rare exception
21.答案：B His mother's injury just before his birth.
22.答案：C She developed a strong interest in finance
23.答案：D She inherited a big fortune from her father
24.答案：A She was extremely mean with her money
25.答案：B She built a hospital with her mother's money
答案： 26. identical 27. approach 28. back and forth 29. opposite 30. indicates 31. referring to 32. parallel to 33. reserved 34. at the right angle 35. embarrassing
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Part III Listening Comprehension
Directions:In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and2 long conversations. At the end of each conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the center.
11. W: What are you doing in here, Sir? Didn't you see the private sign over there?
M: I'm sorry. I didn't notice it when I came in. I'm looking for the manager's office.
Q: What do we learn from the conversation?
12. W: Mike, what's the problem? You've known from month the report is due today.
M: I know, but I'm afraid I need another few days. The data is hard to interpret than I expected.
Q: What does the man mean?
13. W: Excuse me, Tony. Has my parcel from New York arrived?
M: Unfortunately, it's been delayed due to the bad weather.
Q: What is the woman waiting for?
14. W: Pam said we won't have the psychology test until the end of next week.
M: Ellen, you should know better than to take Pam's words for anything.
Q: What doesthe man imply about Pam?
15. W: Tom, would you please watch my suitcase for a minute? I need to go make a quick phone call.
M: Yeah, sure. Take your time. Our train doesn‘t leave for another twenty minutes.
Q: What does the man mean?
16. M: Frankly, Mary is not what I'd called easy-going.
W: I see. People in our neighborhood find it hard to believe she's my twin sister.
Q: What does the woman imply? 炎炎英文培训网
17. M: How soon do you think this can be cleaned?
W: We have same day service, sir. You can pick up your suit after five o'clock.
Q: Where does the conversation most probably take place?
18. W: I really enjoy that piece you just play on the piano. I bet you get a lot of requests for it.
M: You said it. People just can't get enough of it.
Q: What do we learn from the conversation?
Questions 19-22 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
W: Good afternoon, Mr. Jones. I am Teresa Chen, and I‘ll be interviewing you. How are you today?
M: I am fine, thank you. And you, Miss Chen?
W: Good, Thanks. Can you tell me something about your experience in this kind of work?
M: Well, for several years, I managed a department for the Brownstone Company in Detroit, Michigan. Now I work part time because I also go to school at night. I‘m getting a business degree.
W: Oh, how interesting. Tell me, why do you want to leave your present job?
M: I‘ll finish school in a few months, and I’d like a full-time position with more responsibility.
W: And why would you like to work for our company?
M: Because I know your company‘s work and I like it.
W: Could you please tell me about your special skills and interests?
M: Of course, I‘m good at computers and I can speak Spanish. I used to take classes in Spanish at the local college. And I like travelling a lot.
W: Can you give me any references?
M: Yes, certainly. You can talk to Mr. McCaw, my boss, at the Brownstone Company. I could also give you the names and numbers of several of my teachers.
W: All right, Mr. Jones, and would you like to ask me any questions?
M: Yes, I wonder when I‘ll be informed about my application for the job.
W: Well, we’ll let you know as soon as possible. Let‘s stay in touch. Thank you very much for coming this afternoon.
M: Thank you. Questions 19-22 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
19. What does the man say about his working experience?
20. Why does the man want to leave his present job?
21. What is the man interested in?
22. What question did the man ask the woman?
Questions 23-25 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
M: Lisa, Lisa! Over here, darling! It's wonderful to see you. Oh, Lisa, you look marvelous.
W: Oh, Paul, you look tired. Two months away in the capital? Paul, I think you've been working too hard.
M: I'm fine. The city is very hot this time of the year. It's good to get back to some fresh air. You know, Lisa, what they say about pregnant women really is true.
W: What's that Paul?
M: They say they look beautiful.
W: Well, I had a lot of tension while you've been studying hard on your course in D.C.
W: Oh, don't worry, all from a man over
50. Father has told all his business friends the good news about the baby. And the phone hasn't stopped ringing.
M: Oh, look, darling. There's a taxi.
W: Paul, tell me about the special project you mentioned on the phone. You sounded very excited about it!
M: You know, I've learned a lot from the project. I'm surprised that was still in business.
W: That's because we have a wonderful sales manager ——you!
M: Thanks. But that's not the problem at all. Lisa, our little company, and it is little compared to the giants in the city. Our little company's in danger. We are out of date.We need to expand. If we don't, we will be swallowed up by one of the giants.
Questions 23-25 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
23. What do we learn about Lisa?
24. What do we learn about the man from the conversation?
25. What does the man say about his company?
Questions 26 to 29 are based on the passage you have just heard.
Farmington, Utah, is a more pleasant community since a local girls' 4-H club improved Main Street. Six 4-H girls worked to clean the 72 foot curbside that was covered with weeds, rocks and trash. Each member volunteered to clean up and to dig in plot, five flats of flowers. They also took terms in watering, weeding and maintaining the plot. Participation in this project helped the girls developed a new attitude towards their parents of their own homes; they've learned how to work with tools, and improve their work habits. One mother said that before her daughter was involved in this project, she would not even pour a weed. The experience on Main Street stimulated self-improvement, and encouraged members to take pride in their home grounds and the total community. City officials cooperated with the 4-H members in planting trees, building cooking facilities, pick-me tables, swings and public rest rooms. The 4-H girls planted trees and took care of them during the early stages of growth. The total park project needed more plantings in the following years. Members of the 4-H club agreed to follow the project through to completion, because they receive satisfaction from the results of constructive work. The project is a growing one and is spread from the park to the school and the shopping center. Trees and flowers have all been planted in the shopping center, making the atmosphere pleasant.
Questions 26 to 29 are based on the passage you have just heard.
26. What do we learn about Main Street in Farmington?
27. What do the 4-H club members do about the curbside?
28. What have the 4-H girls learned from the project?
29. Why do the 4-H girls agree to follow the park project through to complete. Question 30 to 32 are based on the passage you have just heard. Passage 2 According to a survey on reading conducted in 2001 by the U.S. National Education Association (NEA), young Americans say reading is important, more important than computers and science. Over 50% of the 12 to 18 years old interviewed say they enjoy reading a lot. 79% find it stimulating and interesting. And 87% think it is relaxing. About 68% of those surveyed disagreed with the opinion that reading is boring or old-fashioned. Over half teenagers interviewed said they read more than ten books a year. The results also show that middle school students read more books than high schoolers. Over 66% of teens like to read fiction, such as novels and stories. Over 26% are interested in non-fiction, such history books.64% of students listed reading stories about people my own age. That's a favorite topic. Mysteries and detective stories came second on the list at 53%. Just under 50% said they were interested in reading about their own culture in tradition. Of the teenagers who participated in the survey, 49% said that libraries are where they get most of their books. However, many complain that their school libraries do not have enough up-to-date interesting books and magazines. Even though many teenagers in the US enjoy reading, they still have other interests. When asked which activity would be the most difficult to give up for a week, 48% said listening to music. TV would be difficult to give up for 25% of those surveyed.
Question 30 to 32 are based on the passage you have just heard.
30. What does the survey on teenager reading show?
31. What books are most popular among teenagers according to the survey?
32. What activity do teenagers find the most difficult to give up for a week?
Questions 33-35 are based on the passage you have just heard.
Thank you for coming, everyone. Today‘s presentation will show how we see the development of the motor car in the short to medium term, and that is why we have invited all of you here today. Let’s start with power. It‘s clear that petrol-driven engines have no future. Already there are many alternative fuel vehicles on the market, powered by anything from solar power to natural gas. Some independent thinkers have even produced cars that run on vegetable oil. But as we all know, of all these alternative fuel vehicles, the most practical are electric vehicles. Sure, in the past electric vehicles have their problems, namely, a limited driving range, and very few recharging points, which limited their use. Now, however, recent developments in electric vehicle technology mean they can match conventional petrol engines in terms of performance and safety. Let’s not forget that electric vehicles are cleaner. Plus, importantly, the power source is rechargeable, so this does not involve using any valuable resources. Moving on to communications, very soon, cars will be linked to GPS satellites, so they‘ll do all the driving for you. What controls remain for the users will be audio-based, so, for example, you’ll just have to say “a bit warmer”, and the air conditioning will adjust automatically. You‘ll also be able to receive email, music and movies, all via an internet link. So just type in the destination you want, sit back, sleep, watch your movie, whatever. Questions
33-35 are based on the passage you have just heard.
33. What is the presentation mainly about?
34. What used to restrict the use of electric vehicles?
35. What does the speaker say about electric vehicles of today?